03 Romantics 1800 to 1850

'What is romanticism?' It is a 'way of feeling'.--Baudelaire, 1846

Painting in the first half of the 19th century was dominated by Ingres and Delacroix.  Ingres continued the neo-classic tradition of purity of lines and Delacroix championed the expressive and romantic use of color.


  1.  He showed his paintings for the first time at the "Salons" where he presented eight paintings.
Among them was: "La montée au Calvaire"
(The Climb to Calvary) and
"Le Christ descendu au tombeau"
(Christ brought down to the tomb).

Suffering from tubercular laryngitis, the artist lived more and more in solitary.   During the following years, he oversees the decorating of the Apollo Gallery ceiling in the Louvre, and of the Paris City Hall's Peace Salon as well as the chapel of Saints-Anges.

Who is the artist?

 Christ on the cross
"Le Christ en croix" (1853)

National Gallery (London)

                                a  Burne-Jones       
                     b Constable
                     c Delacroix 
             d Goya


'The Romantic work is an   imprint of  despair and energy without goal, turned towards the infinite".  --Delacroix

  2. Around 1840 this artist had developed his own style,
mixing the classicism of' Ingres
with the contrasts he had learned from Delacroix

Who is the artist?

(click  to enlarge)

 a Chassériau
          b Decamps          
     c Blake           
  d Rosseti     


"I see in painters authors and poets.  "  --Delacroix

  3. This style of painting is characterized
by realistic themes and the calm and resigned
attitude towards everyday life.

Who is the artist?

(Le Cantonnier-the Sweeper), c. 1848/1852

          a     Millet
               c     Daumier
               d     Courbet


'Painters who are not "colorists" are doing illuminations and not paintings...' --Delacroix
Painters and colors (23 février 1852)

  4. With the liberation of art and of individualism
the movement called 'Romantic'
is the forerunner of the 'Impressionists' 'Idealists' and 'symbolists'.
The idealist painters use natural elements
painted in a classic manner to transcribe
their inner feelings.

Who is the artist?
(click to enlarge)

       a Böcklin    
            b Blake           
   c Krylov
   d Caspar


' "Colorists", who are those who reunite all parts of painting, must establish at the same time and from the first, all that is proper and essential to their art.  They must mold with color like a sculptor does with clay, marble or stone'  --Delacroix

  5.  This painter established a great reputation
for himself around 1830 for his oriental themes.
Who is he?

(In front of a Mosque (Cairo), Circa 1868 )

                                  a Chassériau                       
                                  b David                              
          c Delacroix
         d Decamps


  6.  After having started a career in medicine in Paris, this painter started to paint with Gleyre where he met Renoir with whom he shared a workshop with  Monet and Sisley.  Through them he met Manet and painted with the Impressionists in Honfleur in 1864 and in Barbizon. He died fighting in the Franco-Prussian war.

Who is this artist?

Aiguemorte woman with peonies
(click on the pictures to enlarge)

               a Corot
                  b Boudin
                 c Bazille
                 d Bertin


  7.  When this painting was presented at the Paris Salon of 1866,
the critiques censured it as being of 'bad taste'
as well as 'ugly' due to the pose of the model
with her 'disheveled' hair.

Who is the artist?

femme au perroquet
(click to enlarge)

  a Daumier
     b Daubigny
  c Courbet
     d Delaroche


  8. Romanticism in Germany  (1800-1830)

Which German artist painted this painting?

(sanctuary of Hercules)

 a   Fuseli,
      b   Jongkind
   c   Böcklin
 d   Leutze

  9. Romanticism in England (1820-1850)
English romanticism is also inspired
by the torments of human nature
but with a more scientific approach like
the fight with unleashed natural elements...*

Which English artist painted this painting?


'Snow hurricane at sea'

             a   Raffet
              b   Redon
                  c   Jongkind
               d   Turner


Painting as a lyrical poem.

The tragedy depicted by the works of
Gros, Goya, Géricault et   Delacroix
can be found in the writings of
the novels of  Stendhal, Balzac, and Chateaubriand;
in the poems of  Hugo, Lamartine, Musset
and later of Baudelaire;
in the music ofBerlioz, Liszt and Chopin...
"Romanticism is the apex of humanism"**


10. Romanticism crossed the ocean
and can be found in the works of
American painters like this one:

Which American artist painted this painting?

cliff dwellers - les habitants des collines
(click to enlarge)

  a Moran
 b   Goya
        c Bonington
    d   Leutze


see the answers

page created by       


List of Painter and links mentioned in   Artquizz
       List of Museums consulted

* Cette information provient du site Dilbert 'Histoire de la peinture'.
**  Information provenant de Raymond Cogniat, expliqué par Jean Cassou,
Romanticism, Peebles Art Library, Sandy Lesberg, ed.1966
Art in Focus, Gene A. Mittler, Bennett &McKnight-Glencoe, pub.
Art Talk, Rosalind Ragans, Glencoe,pub.


Classical Music:timeline.gif (579 bytes)

Richard Strauss (1864-1949)
Carl Nielsen (1865-1931)
SIBELIUS, Jean (1865-1957); Finn. Karelia Suite, Op.11 (1893) Alla marcia (72k) (G.Goldberg/D.Siu) Sergei Rachmaninov

JCLS 4/2001