1. The Rosetta stone is unique and it
is thanks to one of Napoleon's officers the this stone was discovered in 1799 near Rosetta
(Rashîd), Egypt,in the Valley of the Nile. It was sent to Cairo to French
scholars. In 1822 Champolion, a French archaeologist, completed deciphering the
inscriptions. The Rosetta stone was originally inscribed in 195 B.C. Original in the
The stone contains the same message
--a decree praising King Ptolemy V--
in how many scripts?
relief is a reproduction of a building inscription from an Egyptian temple. The
hieroglyphs depicted are the ankh, ; the falcon; and a sun disk draped with a uraeus
serpent (a cobra), which caries an ankh around its neck. Egyptian, Now in the Detroit
Institute of Arts. 360 BC.
What does the Ankh cross symbolize?
of Touthankamon 1335 to 1326.
He was the second successor of Akhenaton and began his rule as Tutankhaten, but as he
was reconsidered by the faithfuls of
Amen, he restored his clergy in his prerogatives and changed his name into Tutankhamen.
Tutankhamen became king in 1333 B.C. at the age on nine and reigned until the age of
seventeen or eighteen. The richness of his grave, which was discovered nearly intact
in 1922, caused a posthumous notoriety probably undeserved.
Where is the tomb of Touthankamon located?
family of the god Osiris
The Osiris family is
represented in an original fashion: Isis, the mother, and her son with the falcon head,
protect with a protective gesture the god Osiris crouched on a pillar. According to
the legend, Isis had put Osiris' body back together and had breathed life into him long
enough to conceive a son with him. The son avenged his father by provoking a strange
combat with his assassin, the god Seth. The name of the king, Osorkon is engraved in
the pillar, assuring his place among
the great god of the dead.
What is the name of the son
of Osiris and Isis?
on the Throne
This statue is a masterpiece of
round-hump-sculpture. Its majestic
position, its perfect relief and its subtle symbolism let it appear as a manifesto of the
theocratic monarchy of the Old Empire. Chefren (Khafre) is Cheopses (Khufu) son. The
king on the throne puts a hand down flat on his knee, in the other hand he is holding a
rolled fabric whose ends fall on the side.
Where is the tomb of Kefren located?