1. What nationality is Mary Cassat?
During a four year trip to France and Germany, Mary Cassatt saw
the works of Courbet, Delacroix et Ingres in the Pavillion of Realism at the
Paris World's Fair of 1855. This maybe influenced her when she started to paint.
During the American Civil War, Mary Cassatt studied at the
Philadelphia School of Fine Arts. In 1865, she decided to finish her studies at the
Beaux Arts in Paris and goes there with her friends Eliza Haldeman et Thomas Eakins.
After seeing her paintings refused at the Paris Salons, like
most of the Impressionists, and with the beginning of the Franco-Prussion War, Mary
returned to the United States. But once back, she nearly gave up painting.
Mary Cassatt returned to Europe and studied the works of Correggio in Parma,
she also studied engraving techniques with Carlo Raimondi, and then in Spain.
Meanwhile, in 1874, one of her paintings was accepted at the Paris Salon.
Mary returns to Paris where she makes a home with her sister
Lydia. But the Salon continues to reject her painting, and she is invited by Degas
to join the "Anonymous Company of Artists, Sculptors, Engravers, etc."-- the
4. To be able to join the
"independents", the painters had to:
5. A very small percentage of works by Mary
After a Salon (exposition) on Japanese engravings in
1890, Mary Cassatt started painting in this style with great success. She had so
much success with the "The Banjo Lesson" monotype, that she produced about forty
of them. With this technique, each one is a little different.
6. Who painted this portrait of Mary Cassat?
Now recognized for her art, Mary Cassatt lives in her
Château de Beaufrêne, where she spends the rest of her life. She received
the medal of Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur (France's highest non-military honor)
for her contribution to art and help to young artists. She had to stop painting at
the start of World War I in 1914 because of her failing sight.
7. The works of Mary Cassatt show us maternal
love in its most tender moments. The children painted by her were mostly:
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